About Korat

                                                    1.Geography

Nakhon Ratchasima (Thaiนครราชสีมา), often called by the nickname Khorat(โคราช), is one of the north-eastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (clockwise, from north) ChaiyaphumKhon KaenBuriramSa Kaeo,PrachinburiNakhon NayokSaraburiLopburi.

The capital of the province is the city of Nakhon Ratchasima located in Mueang Nakhon Ratchasima District, also called Khorat. The Khmer name for the province isNokor Reach Seima, the Malay name is Negara Raja Sima.

 
Province
Nakhon Ratchasima Province
Statue of Lady Mo in Khorat city centre

Seal
Nickname(s): Khorat
Map of Thailand highlighting Nakhon Ratchasima Province
Country  Thailand
Capital Nakhon Ratchasima City
Government
 • Governor Rapee Phongbupakit (since October 2010)
Area
 • Total 20,494.0 km2 (7,912.8 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 1st
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,585,325
 • Rank Ranked 2nd
 • Density 130/km2 (330/sq mi)
 • Density rank Ranked 34th
Time zone Thailand Standard Time(UTC+7)
ISO 3166 code TH-30
Website www.nakhonratchasima.go.th

                                                                                2 . Climate

 

[hide]Climate data for Nakhon Ratchasima (1961-1990)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F) 30.6
(87.1)
33.5
(92.3)
35.8
(96.4)
36.5
(97.7)
34.9
(94.8)
34.1
(93.4)
33.6
(92.5)
33.1
(91.6)
32.1
(89.8)
30.9
(87.6)
29.7
(85.5)
29.3
(84.7)
32.84
(91.12)
Average low °C (°F) 16.8
(62.2)
20.0
(68)
22.2
(72)
24.0
(75.2)
24.5
(76.1)
24.3
(75.7)
23.9
(75)
23.7
(74.7)
23.6
(74.5)
22.6
(72.7)
20.2
(68.4)
17.1
(62.8)
21.91
(71.44)
Precipitation mm (inches) 5.9
(0.232)
17.8
(0.701)
37.1
(1.461)
63.5
(2.5)
140.5
(5.531)
108.3
(4.264)
113.7
(4.476)
146.2
(5.756)
221.6
(8.724)
143.4
(5.646)
27.3
(1.075)
2.8
(0.11)
1,028.1
(40.476)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 0.9 2.2 5.1 7.7 13.8 13.3 13.5 16.4 18.1 12.2 4.0 0.7 107.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 284.2 245.1 253.8 248.1 237.5 208.6 194.6 187.3 169.0 233.4 257.3 282.0 2,800.9
 

                                                                               3.History

 

       The area around Khorat was already an important center in the times of the Khmer empire in the 11th century, as can be seen by the temple ruins in the Phimai historical park. Still, Nakhon Ratchasima Province is one of the provinces where there is a sizableNorthern Khmer population.[1]

       A new walled-city with a surrounding moat, designated as Nakhon Ratchasima, was built in the seventeenth century by order of the King Narai, as the easternmost 'command post', guarding the Kingdom's border and supervising its Lao and Cambodian 'vassals'. It continued this duty during the Bangkok Period, although it was seized by deceit during Chao Anuwong of Vientiane's 1826 revolt against the King Rama III of Siam.

Nakhon Ratchasima has long been the most important political and economic center in the northeastern region. In the late nineteenth century, the railroad reached Khorat became the junction of two main rail lines in the Northeastern, Isan, region.

        In 1933 it was the stronghold of the royalist troops in the Boworadej Revolt, against the new ostensibly democratic government in Bangkok.

In the 1970s, the province was the site of United States military bases supporting theVietnam War.

Main Gate of Korat

   


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